Propaganda Lab Publications

Propaganda Lab Publications

Embodied Political Influencers: How U.S. Anti-Abortion Actors Co-Opt Narratives of Marginalization

Embodied Political Influencers: How U.S. Anti-Abortion Actors Co-Opt Narratives of Marginalization

Martin, Z., Beacken, G. D., Trauthig, I. K., & Woolley, S. C.
April, 2024

Social Media + Society

What Does CrowdTangle's Demise Signal for Data Access Under the DSA?

What Does CrowdTangle's Demise Signal for Data Access Under the DSA?

Brown, M. A., Lukito, J., & Yang, K.
March, 2024

Tech Policy Press

Diaspora Communities and Computational Propaganda on Messaging Apps

Diaspora Communities and Computational Propaganda on Messaging Apps

Trauthig, I.
January, 2024

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Feminist Queen or Conspiracy Theorist? Female Spreaders of Women's Health Disinformation

Feminist Queen or Conspiracy Theorist? Female Spreaders of Women's Health Disinformation

Martin, Z. C., Trauthig, I. K., & Woolley, S. C.
December, 2023

AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research

How pro- and anti-abortion activists use encrypted messaging apps in post-Roe America

How pro- and anti-abortion activists use encrypted messaging apps in post-Roe America

Martin, Z. C., Riedl, M. J. & Woolley, S. C.
December, 2023

Big Data & Society

Connective action in Myanmar: a mixed-method analysis of Spring Revolution

Connective action in Myanmar: a mixed-method analysis of Spring Revolution

Lukito, J., Lee, T., Martin, Z., Glover, K., Hu, A. & Cui, Z.
December, 2023

Information, Communication & Society

Promises and Perils of Automated Journalism: Algorithms, Experimentation, and “Teachers of Machines” in China and the United States

Promises and Perils of Automated Journalism: Algorithms, Experimentation, and “Teachers of Machines” in China…

Jia, C., Riedl, M. J., & Woolley, S.
December, 2023

Journalism Studies

‘I get suppressed:’ pro- and anti-abortion activists’ folk theories of platform governance and shadowbanning

‘I get suppressed:’ pro- and anti-abortion activists’ folk theories of platform governance and shadowbanning

Riedl, M. J., Martin, Z. C., Woolley, S. C.
December, 2023

Information, Communication & Society

Scholarly Solidarity: Building an Inclusive Field for Junior and Minority Researchers

Scholarly Solidarity: Building an Inclusive Field for Junior and Minority Researchers

Lukito, J.
December, 2023

Political Communication

Digital Disinformation, Electoral Interference, and Systemic Distrust

Digital Disinformation, Electoral Interference, and Systemic Distrust

Lukito, J.
November, 2023

Routledge Handbook of Disinformation and National Security

The political use of encrypted messaging applications: Evidence from southeast Asia and its implications for the global public sphere

The political use of encrypted messaging applications: Evidence from southeast Asia and its implications…

Martin, Z., Trauthig, I., Glover, K. & Woolley, S.
October, 2023

First Monday

“On WhatsApp I say what I want”: Messaging apps, diaspora communities, and networked counterpublics in the United States

“On WhatsApp I say what I want”: Messaging apps, diaspora communities, and networked counterpublics…

Trauthig, I. & Woolley, S.
October, 2023

New Media & Society

Comparing the #StopTheSteal Movement across Multiple Platforms: Differentiating Discourse on Facebook, Twitter, and Parler

Comparing the #StopTheSteal Movement across Multiple Platforms: Differentiating Discourse on Facebook, Twitter, and Parler

Chen, B., Lukito, J., & Koo, G. H.
September, 2023

Social Media + Society, 9(3)

The role of geolocation data in U.S. political campaigning: How digital political strategists perceive it

The role of geolocation data in U.S. political campaigning: How digital political strategists perceive…

Riedl, M. J., Tsyrenzhapova, D., Collier, J. R., Gursky, J., Joseff, K., & Woolley, S.
September, 2023

Convergence

What Makes an Influence Operation Malign?

What Makes an Influence Operation Malign?

Yadav, K., Riedl, M. J., Wanless, A., & Woolley, S.
August, 2023

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

What Role Do Messaging Apps Play in Autocrats’ Propaganda?

What Role Do Messaging Apps Play in Autocrats’ Propaganda?

Martin, Z., Trauthig, I., & Woolley, S.
August, 2023

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Messaging Apps: A Rising Tool for Informational Autocrats

Messaging Apps: A Rising Tool for Informational Autocrats

Trauthig, I. K., Martin, Z. C., & Woolley, S. C.
July, 2023

Political Research Quarterly

The World’s Strongmen Continue to Bend Social Media to Their Will

The World’s Strongmen Continue to Bend Social Media to Their Will

Woolley, S.
July, 2023

The New York Times

Bot-to-bot Communication: Relationships, Infrastructure, and Identity

Bot-to-bot Communication: Relationships, Infrastructure, and Identity

Xiao, J. & Woolley, S.
July, 2023

The SAGE Handbook of Human–Machine Communication

Abortion Activists Are Targets of Violent, Gendered Threats After Overturn of Roe

Abortion Activists Are Targets of Violent, Gendered Threats After Overturn of Roe

Martin, Z., Riedl, M., Hollander, E. & Trauthig, I.
July, 2023

Teen Vogue

Attacks Against Journalists in Brazil: Catalyzing Effects and Resilience During Jair Bolsonaro’s Government

Attacks Against Journalists in Brazil: Catalyzing Effects and Resilience During Jair Bolsonaro’s Government

Ozawa, J. V. S., Lukito, J., Lee, T., Varma, A., & Alves, R.
July, 2023

The International Journal of Press/Politics

How Gen Z is Changing Anti-Abortion Extremism Through ‘Queering’

How Gen Z is Changing Anti-Abortion Extremism Through ‘Queering’

Martin, Z. & Trauthig, I.
June, 2023

Global Network on Extremism and Technology

The Hindutva-Whatsapp ecosystem: Digital hate against Indian Muslims on Whatsapp

The Hindutva-Whatsapp ecosystem: Digital hate against Indian Muslims on Whatsapp

Bansal, S.
June, 2023

Rappler

Representing “The People”: What Can Social Media Images Reveal About Populist Propaganda in Brazil?

Representing “The People”: What Can Social Media Images Reveal About Populist Propaganda in Brazil?

Rodarte, A. K., Hyunsik Kim, T., & Lukito, J.
June, 2023

Social Media + Society

As Beijing’s Propaganda Grows More Aggressive, the West Should Take Note

As Beijing’s Propaganda Grows More Aggressive, the West Should Take Note

Trauthig, I.
June, 2023

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Political Influencers on Social Media: An Introduction

Political Influencers on Social Media: An Introduction

Riedl, M. J., Lukito, J., & Woolley, S. C.
June, 2023

Social Media + Society, 9(2)

TikTok has a political influencer problem targeted at Gen Z voters

TikTok has a political influencer problem targeted at Gen Z voters

Woolley, S., Riedl, M., & Lukito, J.
June, 2023

The Hill

Chat Apps, Mass Mobilization, and Authoritarian Control: Assessing Evidence from Egypt, Iran, and Morocco

Chat Apps, Mass Mobilization, and Authoritarian Control: Assessing Evidence from Egypt, Iran, and Morocco

Trauthig, I. K.
May, 2023

Digital Technologies in Emerging Countries

Enabling Independent Research Without Unleashing Ethics Disasters

Enabling Independent Research Without Unleashing Ethics Disasters

Gilbert, S., Matias, J. N., and Lukito, J.
May, 2023

Tech Policy Press

Addressing Hateful and Misleading Content in the Metaverse

Addressing Hateful and Misleading Content in the Metaverse

Trauthig, I. & Woolley, S.
April, 2023

Journal of Online Trust & Safety

Critical computation: mixed-methods approaches to big language data analysis

Critical computation: mixed-methods approaches to big language data analysis

Lukito, J. & Pruden, M. L.
April, 2023

Review of Communication

“No Reason[.] [I]t /Should/ Happen here”: Analyzing Flynn’s Retroactive Doublespeak During a QAnon Event

“No Reason[.] [I]t /Should/ Happen here”: Analyzing Flynn’s Retroactive Doublespeak During a QAnon Event

Lukito, J., Gursky, J., Foley, J., Yang, Y., Joseff, K. & Borah, P.
March, 2023

Political Communication

Tech’s Risks on Non-English Platforms

Tech’s Risks on Non-English Platforms

Woolley, S.
March, 2023

Democracy Journal

How Disinformation on WhatsApp Went From Campaign Weapon to Governmental Propaganda in Brazil

How Disinformation on WhatsApp Went From Campaign Weapon to Governmental Propaganda in Brazil

Ozawa, J., Woolley, S., Straubhaar, J., Riedl, M., Joseff, K., & Gursky, J.
March, 2023

Social Media + Society

Will the FEC finally rein in political influencers on social media?

Will the FEC finally rein in political influencers on social media?

Riedl, M. & Woolley, S.
March, 2023

The Hill

The Everyday People Spreading Political Propaganda Online for Fun and/or Profit

The Everyday People Spreading Political Propaganda Online for Fun and/or Profit

Woolley, S.
February, 2023

Slate

The State of Digital Media Data Research, 2023

The State of Digital Media Data Research, 2023

Lukito, J., Brown, M. A., Dahlke, R., Suk, J., Yang, Y., Zhang, Y., Chen, B., Kim, S. J., and Soorholtz, K.
February, 2024

Media & Democracy Data Cooperative

The Time to Prevent a Toxic Metaverse Is Now

The Time to Prevent a Toxic Metaverse Is Now

Woolley, S. & Trauthig, I.
February, 2023

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Political Relational Influencers: The Mobilization of Social Media Influencers in the Political Arena

Political Relational Influencers: The Mobilization of Social Media Influencers in the Political Arena

Goodwin, A., Joseff, K., Riedl, M. J., Lukito, J., & Woolley, S.
February, 2023

International Journal of Communication

Opinion: Why the TikTok ban needs university exemptions

Opinion: Why the TikTok ban needs university exemptions

Stroud, T. & Woolley, S.
January, 2023

Austin American-Statesman

How social media platforms can reduce polarization

How social media platforms can reduce polarization

Staal Bruun Overgaard, S. & Woolley, S.
December, 2022

Brookings

WhatsApp is how a lot of Latinos connect, but it’s also a hotbed of fake news | Guest opinion

WhatsApp is how a lot of Latinos connect, but it’s also a hotbed of…

Trauthig, I. & Woolley, S.
December, 2022

Miami Herald

Platforms’ Efforts to Block Antisemitic Content Are Falling Short

Platforms’ Efforts to Block Antisemitic Content Are Falling Short

Beacken, G., Trauthig, I. & Woolley, S.
December, 2022

Centre for International Governance Innovation

What Does Europe’s Digital Services Act Mean for Targeted Political Advertising in the U.S.?

What Does Europe’s Digital Services Act Mean for Targeted Political Advertising in the U.S.?

Iyer, P.
November, 2022

Tech Policy Press

Disinformation’s next frontier: your texts and private messages

Disinformation’s next frontier: your texts and private messages

Trauthig, I. & Glover, K.
October, 2022

The Hill

WhatsApp, Misinformation, and Latino Political Discourse in the U.S.

WhatsApp, Misinformation, and Latino Political Discourse in the U.S.

Trauthig, I. K. & Mimizuka, K.
October, 2022

Tech Policy Press

رسائل في زجاجات

رسائل في زجاجات

Trauthig, I. K. & Whitlock, A.
September, 2022

زينيت

Messages in a Bottle

Messages in a Bottle

Trauthig, I. K. & Whitlock, A.
September, 2022

zenith

The Decentralized Web: Hope or Hype?

The Decentralized Web: Hope or Hype?

Trauthig, I.
August, 2022

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Network Amplification of Politicized Information and Misinformation about COVID-19 by Conservative Media and Partisan Influencers on Twitter

Network Amplification of Politicized Information and Misinformation about COVID-19 by Conservative Media and Partisan…

Zhang, Y., Chen, F., Lukito, J.
August, 2022

Political Communication

Audio misinformation on WhatsApp: A case Study from Lebanon

Audio misinformation on WhatsApp: A case Study from Lebanon

El-Masri, A., Riedl, M. J., Woolley, S.
July, 2022

Harvard Kennedy School Misinformation Review

In Many Democracies, Disinformation Targets the Most Vulnerable

In Many Democracies, Disinformation Targets the Most Vulnerable

Woolley, S.
July, 2022

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Digital Propaganda: The Power of Influencers

Digital Propaganda: The Power of Influencers

Woolley, S.
July, 2022

Journal of Democracy

Electoral Confusion: Contending with Structural Disinformation in Communities of Color

Electoral Confusion: Contending with Structural Disinformation in Communities of Color

Kumleben, M., Woolley, S., & Joseff, K.
June, 2022

Protect Democracy

Bots

Bots

Monaco, N., Woolley, S.
May, 2022

Digital Media and Society Series

Chat Apps and Cascade Logic: A Multi-Platform Perspective on India, Mexico, and the United States

Chat Apps and Cascade Logic: A Multi-Platform Perspective on India, Mexico, and the United…

Gursky, J., Riedl, M. J., Joseff, K., & Woolley, S.
April, 2022

Social Media + Society

A Growing Threat: The Impact Of Disinformation Targeted At Communities Of Color

A Growing Threat: The Impact Of Disinformation Targeted At Communities Of Color

Woolley, S.
April, 2022

Subcommittee on Elections of the Committee on House Administration

Chat and Encrypted Messaging Apps Are the New Battlefields in the Propaganda War

Chat and Encrypted Messaging Apps Are the New Battlefields in the Propaganda War

Trauthig, I. K.
March, 2022

Lawfare

Platformed antisemitism on Twitter: Anti-Jewish rhetoric in political discourse surrounding the 2018 US midterm election

Platformed antisemitism on Twitter: Anti-Jewish rhetoric in political discourse surrounding the 2018 US midterm…

Riedl, M. J., Joseff, K., Soorholtz, S., & Woolley, S.
March, 2022

New Media & Society

Computational Propaganda Is Here to Stay: What to Expect in Elections in 2022

Computational Propaganda Is Here to Stay: What to Expect in Elections in 2022

Riedl, M. J., Trauthig , I. K., & Woolley, S.
February, 2022

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Viber: The next frontier for political propaganda in the Philippines?

Viber: The next frontier for political propaganda in the Philippines?

Glover, K. & Martin Geurink, Z.
December, 2021

Rappler

Trollfare: How to recognize and fight off online psyops

Trollfare: How to recognize and fight off online psyops

Doroshenko, L. & Lukito, J.
December, 2021

Defense One

Online propaganda is making inroads in the Middle East and North Africa

Online propaganda is making inroads in the Middle East and North Africa

Woolley, S. & Trauthig, I. K.
December, 2021

Centre for International Governance Innovation

At the epicenter: Electoral propaganda in targeted communities of color

At the epicenter: Electoral propaganda in targeted communities of color

Woolley, S. & Kumleben, M.
November, 2021

Protect Democracy

Countering digital propaganda: Can former culprits help?

Countering digital propaganda: Can former culprits help?

Woolley, S. & Trauthig, I. K.
November, 2021

Centre for International Governance Innovation

The K-Pop fans who have become anti-authoritarian activists in Myanmar

The K-Pop fans who have become anti-authoritarian activists in Myanmar

Martin, Z., Glover, K., & Coburn, C.
October, 2021

Slate

Political groups are paying influencers to spread partisan messaging

Political groups are paying influencers to spread partisan messaging

Goodwin, A. & Woolley, S.
October, 2021

Teen Vogue

It’s time to think beyond disinformation and false news

It’s time to think beyond disinformation and false news

Woolley, S.
October, 2021

Center for International Governance Innovation

The business of computational propaganda needs to end

The business of computational propaganda needs to end

Woolley, S.
September, 2021

The Center for International Governance Innovation

An agenda for US-EU cooperation on Big Tech regulation

An agenda for US-EU cooperation on Big Tech regulation

Woolley, S. & Hajdu, D.
August, 2021

TechStream, Brookings Institute

QAnon pivots its exiled online movement to the real world

QAnon pivots its exiled online movement to the real world

Gursky, J., Joseff, K., & Lukito, J.
July, 2021

Wired

Global democracies need to align to fight disinformation

Global democracies need to align to fight disinformation

Woolley, S. & Sawiris, M.
July, 2021

Wired

How can we stem the tide of digital propaganda?

How can we stem the tide of digital propaganda?

Woolley, S.
July, 2021

Centre for International Governance Innovation

Countering disinformation and protecting democratic communication on encrypted messaging applications

Countering disinformation and protecting democratic communication on encrypted messaging applications

Gursky, J. & Woolley, S.
June, 2021

Brookings Institute

Building connective democracy: Interdisciplinary solutions to the problem of polarisation

Building connective democracy: Interdisciplinary solutions to the problem of polarisation

Staal Bruun Overgaard, C., Dudo, A., Lease, M., Masullo, G. M., Stroud, N. J., Stroud, S. R., & Woolley, S. C.
April, 2021

The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism

The evolution of computational propaganda: Theories, debates, and innovation of the Russian model

The evolution of computational propaganda: Theories, debates, and innovation of the Russian model

Tsyrenzhapova, D. & Woolley, S. C.
March, 2021

The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism

The disinformation threat to diaspora communities in encrypted chat apps

The disinformation threat to diaspora communities in encrypted chat apps

Gursky, J., Riedl, M. J., & Woolley, S.
March, 2021

TechStream, Brookings Institute

Probabilistic social learning improves the public’s judgments of news veracity

Probabilistic social learning improves the public’s judgments of news veracity

Guilbeault, D., Woolley, S., & Becker, J.
March, 2021

PLOS ONE 16(3): e0247487

The disturbing implications of increasingly narrow political ad targeting

The disturbing implications of increasingly narrow political ad targeting

Joseff, K., Carter, J., & Woolley, S.
February, 2021

TechStream, Brookings Institute

We need to know who's surveilling protests—and why

We need to know who's surveilling protests—and why

Woolley, S. & Carter, J. M.
November, 2020

Wired

Computational propaganda and the 2020 U.S. presidential election: Antisemitic and anti-Black content on Facebook and Telegram

Computational propaganda and the 2020 U.S. presidential election: Antisemitic and anti-Black content on Facebook…

Woolley, S., Kumleben, M., & Engler, M.
October, 2020

Anti-Defamation League

Computational propaganda and the news: Journalists' perceptions of the effects of digital manipulation on reporting

Computational propaganda and the news: Journalists' perceptions of the effects of digital manipulation on…

Carter Persen, K. A. & Woolley, S. C.
September, 2020

Affective Politics of Digital Media: Propaganda by Other Means

We can have social media as we know it, or we can have democracy

We can have social media as we know it, or we can have democracy

Woolley, S.
September, 2020

Fast Company

How hate and misinformation go viral: A case study of a Trump retweet

How hate and misinformation go viral: A case study of a Trump retweet

Gursky, J., & Woolley, S.
September, 2020

TechStream, Brookings Institute

Bots and computational propaganda: Automation for communication and control

Bots and computational propaganda: Automation for communication and control

Woolley, S.
August, 2020

Social Media and Democracy, Cambridge University Press

Nanoinfluencers are slyly barnstorming the 2020 US election

Nanoinfluencers are slyly barnstorming the 2020 US election

Joseff, K., Goodwin, A., & Woolley, S.
August, 2020

Wired

Amplify the party, suppress the opposition: Social media, bots, and electoral fraud

Amplify the party, suppress the opposition: Social media, bots, and electoral fraud

Woolley, S., & Monaco, N.
July, 2020

The Georgetown Law Technology Review

The Trump 2020 app is a voter surveillance tool of extraordinary power

The Trump 2020 app is a voter surveillance tool of extraordinary power

Gursky, J. & Woolley, S.
June, 2020

MIT Technology Review

Political operatives are targeting propaganda by location

Political operatives are targeting propaganda by location

Woolley, S.
June, 2020

TechStream, Brookings Institute

Covid-19 isn’t the only threat to privacy: In US politics surveillance was the norm long before the pandemic

Covid-19 isn’t the only threat to privacy: In US politics surveillance was the norm…

Joseff, K., & Woolley, S.
May, 2020

Foreign Affairs

From hanging out to figuring it out: Socializing online as a pathway to computational thinking

From hanging out to figuring it out: Socializing online as a pathway to computational…

Shorey, S., Hill, B. M., & Woolley, S.
May, 2020

New Media & Society

Encrypted messaging apps are the future of propaganda

Encrypted messaging apps are the future of propaganda

Woolley, S.
May, 2020

TechStream, Brookings Institute

Texts from politicians could be more dangerous than ever

Texts from politicians could be more dangerous than ever

Joseff, K., Gursky, J., & Woolley, S.
April, 2020

Wired

Social media giants should pay up for allowing misinformation

Social media giants should pay up for allowing misinformation

Woolley, S.
March, 2020

Wired

Gaming communication on the global stage: Social media disinformation and crisis situations

Gaming communication on the global stage: Social media disinformation and crisis situations

Kumleben, M., & Woolley, S.
March, 2020

Hoover Institution

Who Will Win the Reality Game? A propaganda expert’s lessons from the 2016 presidential campaign.

Who Will Win the Reality Game? A propaganda expert’s lessons from the 2016 presidential…

Woolley, S.
January, 2020

Slate

The demand for deceit: How the way we think drives disinformation

The demand for deceit: How the way we think drives disinformation

Joseff, K., & Woolley, S.
January, 2020

National Endowment for Democracy

We are fighting fake news AI bots with more AI: That’s a mistake

We are fighting fake news AI bots with more AI: That’s a mistake

Woolley, S.
January, 2020

MIT Technology Review